International companies, financial institutions and governments have declared mobilization to combat the cyber attacks expected to reach the global economy in 2021 with a total cost of $ 6 trillion.

Cyber Attack : Around 4 billion internet users in the world share their information on the internet almost every day. Although this information appears to be secure with user-defined passwords, no information is actually safe for ever.

Cybersecurity Ventures’ research shows that cyber security crimes are only $ 3 trillion in the world economy in 2015. In 2021, the total cost of cyber security crimes to the world economy is expected to reach 6 trillion dollars.

International companies have to invest more in order to increase their cyber security measures to ensure the security of their data. According to the report of Accentura, a management consultancy based in Dublin, the company’s cyber security spending increased by 23 percent in 2018 compared to the previous year.

According to Cybersecurity Ventures’ research, the global spending in the cybersecurity area between 2017-2021 will reach $ 1 trillion.

Cyber ​​security spending is expected to increase by 12-15 percent annually by 2021.

Every 40 seconds a company’s database crashes with ransomware

The ransomware attacks (Ransomware) attacks, while the fearful dream of companies in recent years. Software that prevents the use of information by accessing the data bank and threatens to destroy all information in case of not paying the ransom is called leyen ransomware Veri. According to Cybersecurity Ventures’ research, the company’s database is locked by ransomware every 40 seconds. At the end of this year, it is estimated that every 14 seconds a company will face a risk of ransomware in the world.

According to the FBI’s estimates, the total amount of ransom paid to ransom software is about $ 1 billion.

According to Accentura’s report, the ransomware attack cost an average company of about $ 2.4 million. The ransom time of the company is approximately 50 days.

Even the biggest companies in the world can be desperate in the face of hackers’ attacks because of the deficiencies in their systems. In 2016, 57 million Uber hacked the driver’s identity, telephone and address information. Also in 2016, 3 billion accounts on Yahoo’s Tumblr, Fantasy and Flickr platforms were announced.

According to data from the cyber security company Symantec, in 2017, 5.4 billion attacks by ”WannaCry“ ransomware were blocked by security systems.

On the other hand, the rate of ransomware increased by 46 percent in 2017 compared to the previous year. Cyber ​​attacks on Internet-connected devices increased by 600 percent in 2017 compared to the previous year. 21 percent of these attacks were from China, 11 percent from the US, 7 percent from Brazil, 6 percent from Russia, and 5 percent from India.

The possible cost of a coordinated cyber attack is 85-193 billion dollars

In a survey conducted by the British insurance platform Lloyds of London and the risk management company Aon, it is stated that a possible coordinated cyber attack on a global scale could cause losses between $ 85 billion and $ 193 billion.

In the scenario based on the research, in the event of a global and coordinated cyber attack, the opening of e-mails containing viruses will be used to transmit all contact information to the other party within 24 hours, and to encrypt all data on about 30 million devices with crypto.

In this scenario, it is assumed that companies around the world will have to pay for hackers to access their data.

In the event of a cyber attack of this size, the biggest loss is expected to be in retail ($ 25 billion) and health sectors ($ 25 billion). The manufacturing sector is expected to have a total loss of $ 24 billion.

A global cyber attack is expected to cost US $ 89 billion, Europe’s 76 billion dollars, and Asia’s $ 19 billion.

In the conclusion of the study, it was stated that the enterprises were not prepared for a cyber attack of this magnitude, 86 percent of the loss is about $ 166 billion.

Zayıf People with weak public data security “ 

James Tusini, senior manager of Matta Consulting, a cyber security and information technology company based in London, answered questions from the AA correspondent on cyber security threats. Stating that the data was being created and shared on the internet with the development of technology, Tusini said, oluşturul We need to protect this data from the bad guys somehow. Cyber ​​attacks earn big money from this job. There are people around the world who can carry out these attacks for money. Dün

. You can ask these hackers if they have access to the X company. They tell you whether or not there is a system seized in that company or organization. They do what they want to do for you, and if necessary, give them access to their phones. N

Cyber ​​security attacks, focusing on the human element stressed Tusini, “For example you want to enter a building. You aim for the weakest link. You will not go to the front door of the house, which is the safest place to enter the building. You may have left the bathroom window in the back. the weakest link is human. Because it’s easier to fool a man, the CEO, the boss. en

James Tusini said that countries devoted large sums of money and resources to cyber security and continued:

“Zero Day, for example, means that there is a vulnerability on a software that no one has ever noticed before. Twenty years ago, the researchers found these gaps and released it for free, whether it was entertainment or it would be closed.” Today, Iphone’s “zero-day deficit” in someone who can make up to $ 1 million in earnings.

What measures are countries taking?

Britain

In the UK, it is estimated that the value of the digital economy is around £ 118 billion a year. The UK, which hosts the world’s largest financial center in London, is trying to develop comprehensive measures against the risks that cyber attacks can cause for the country’s leading international companies.

The British government’s toplam Cost of Cybercrime maliyet report, the annual cost of cybercrime to the UK is estimated at a total of £ 27 billion.

To this end, the National Cyber ​​Security Center was established in 2017 under the British government-led communication and intelligence agency GCHQ. Special teams are working to identify and prevent cyber attacks that could threaten data security, especially at the national level.

In 2016, the UK government announced its five-year National Cyber ​​Security Strategy, announcing that they invested £ 1.9 billion in this area.

Dı Parliament has introduced new measures last week to help boost cyber security measures in Britain’s critical infrastructure, olmak said Ciaran Martin, senior manager of the British Cyber ​​Security Center. The cutting of electricity with cyber attacks is difficult even when shown in Hollywood films. We’ve had enough malicious e-mail attacks all over the world. They include an attack by the North Korean group on the British health system. Bunlar

As a result of cyber attacks targeting the British National Health System in 2017, access to the database in many cities in the capital city of London was not achieved for a long time.

USA

In April of last year, a subcommand commander of the US Strategic Forces Command, olarak Cyber ​​Security Command geçen, was promoted to an independent commander as Komut combat commander Ül. In August, US President Donald Trump ordered the transformation process at the Cyber ​​Security Command with an official handover ceremony.

Thus, the US Department of Defense (Pentagon) in the 2018 National Defense Strategy Document has taken the actual step towards cyber security, which he described as a “battleground.” According to this, the number of personnel to be about 800 is increased to 6 thousand 200.

Cyber ​​Security Command, the same under the roof of the National Security Agency (NSA), leaving the US, this step is expected to be a significant increase in the global cyber operations of the United States.

In September last year, White House National Security Adviser John Bolton announced that US President Trump had signed a National Cyber ​​Security Strategy Document, which calls for more aggressive steps against cyber attacks. The document, published by the White House, emphasizes that the security of the databases of the critical infrastructures and institutions of the US should be strengthened against cyber attacks, while it is reported that more effective systems will be set up and regulations will be made in order to inform and act against cybercriminals in the country.

A document under the name of “Cyber ​​Deterrence Initiative” will be formed and the document emphasizes that it is planned to establish the global superiority of the US in cyber security.

Russia

Russia has allocated a budget of 160 billion rubles for the gradual transition of 8 million state officials and employees to the domestic operating mobile operating system. Experts say the process will be completed by the end of 2021.

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said at a government meeting last month that the share of Russian software in state institutions should exceed 90 per cent by 2024 and at least 70 per cent in state-owned companies.

On the other hand, it has been announced that Russian authorities will take a series of measures against possible global threats to the country over the internet. It is planned to cut Russia’s connection to the global Internet for a while to determine these measures. Within the scope of the trial, it is aimed to keep the data shared between Russian citizens and institutions within the country without going into international internet circulation.

The Kremlin thus plans to protect the Internet from possible cyber attacks by making the Internet work independently from global internet providers.

However, some experts warn that if the initiative in question succeeds, the country’s internet censorship will become “rigid” as in China.

Russia is allocating a budget of about 20 billion rubles for the “localization” of the internet, while the internet is planned to be cut off before April 1st.

The Kremlin approved the Convention on the Protection of Individuals in 2005 against the Automatic Handling of Personal Data.

In 2006, the country adopted the Federal Personal Data Act, which was the main source of data protection and, in most respects, has similarities with the  European Union data protection legislation.

The process for the protection of personal data has been far from the interest of regulatory and commercial institutions in Russia for many years.

However, this has changed considerably since the ın Personal Data Localization ‘law came into force in 2014, which requires all operators collecting and processing personal data of Russian citizens to use their database in Russia. With the new law, citizens were given the option to block websites that did not retain their data in local databases.

European union

In September 2018, the EU Commission proposed the establishment of a cyber-defense center to assume a “leading role” in cyber defense. The new center is expected to contribute to the establishment and co-operation of a network among member countries. The Center, which will cooperate with the private sector, is planned to carry out research and innovation works as well as provide financing for infrastructure works in the member countries.

As a result of the negotiations between the European Council, the European Parliament and the EU Commission, a new müz Cyber ​​Security Law os was reached in December 2018. The new law is expected to come into force in the coming months with the completion of the formal approval process.

Along with the law, the European Network and Information Security Agency in Greece (ENISA), whose mandate is due to expire in 2020, envisages member states to be permanently assigned as EU Cyber ​​Security Agency to provide better support for cyber security threats and attacks. The law also aims to create an EU framework for security certificates by increasing the cyber security of digital services and devices.

The EU Commission has also announced its plan to ensure that the Union’s share of digital programs in the 2021-2027 budget is 9.2 billion euros. In the future budget of the EU, it is planned to allocate 2 billion euros to strengthen cyber defense opportunities through new equipment and infrastructure investments.

NATO

At the Warsaw Summit in 2016, NATO determined the cyber space as a new operational area, as well as land, air and sea.

Recently, the development of cyber defense for NATO has become a priority issue. The 11th edition of the Cyber ​​Coalition Exercise, known as NATO’s most comprehensive exercise in cyber defense, was held in November 2018 in Estonia.

The main objective of the exercise was to improve NATO’s ability to protect its own network and its members’ national networks against potential threats. While the new law has seriously affected some foreign businesses, especially online services, many large foreign companies operating in Russia have restructured their data flows to meet these new requirements.